Marcel, born Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp was born July 28, 1887, near Blainville, France. At a young age he joined his brothers, Jacques Villon and Raymond Duchamp in Paris where he studied painting at the Academie Julian until 1905. His early work was Post-Impressionist in style and in 1909 he exhibited for the first time at the Salon des Independents and at the Salon d’Automne in Paris. During the period from 1911 to 1913 his style was directly related to cubism yet emphasized successive images of a single body in motion. In 1913 his work, Nude Descending a Staircase caused great Controversy at the Armory Show.
Marcel’s work predated the founding of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. In 1913 he abandoned his traditional style of painting and drawing for various experimental forms. These forms would have a great impact on many painters and sculptors.
By 1915 his circle included Man Ray, with whom he founded the Societe
Anonyme in 1920.
He settled permanently in New York and became a United States citizen
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